Treatment For Associated Medical Problems
Possible causes of central sleep apnea include heart or neuromuscular disorders, and treating those conditions will help reduce or eliminate
Using supplemental oxygen during sleep may help if you have central sleep apnea. Various forms of oxygen are available as well as different
devices to deliver oxygen to your lungs.
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)
This method, also used in obstructive sleep apnea, involves wearing a pressurized mask over your nose while you sleep. The mask is attached to
a small pump that forces air through your airway to keep it from collapsing. CPAP may eliminate snoring and prevent sleep apnea. As with obstructive sleep apnea, it's important that you use the device as directed. If your mask is uncomfortable or the pressure feels too strong, talk with your doctor so that adjustments can be made.
Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure (BPAP)
Unlike CPAP, which supplies steady, constant pressure to your upper airway as you breathe in and out, BPAP builds to a higher pressure when
you inhale and decreases to a lower pressure when you exhale. The goal of this treatment is to assist the weak breathing pattern of central sleep
apnea. Some BPAP devices can be set to automatically deliver a breath if the device detects you haven't taken one after so many seconds.
Adaptive Servo-Ventilation (ASV)
This more recently approved airflow device stores your normal breathing pattern information in a built-in computer. After you fall asleep, the
machine uses pressure to normalize your breathing pattern and prevent pauses in your breathing. ASV appears to be more successful than other
forms of positive airway pressure at treating central sleep apnea in some people.